The Trees and Shrubs of HinghamBY EDWARD T. BOUVE
The PANICLED CORNEL (Cornus paniculata, L'Heritier) grows at Hockley, Stoddard's Neck, and. oil Lincoln Street. Its leaves, finer and darker that) in. ally other of our Species, and its more delicate growth, plainly distinguish it. The white flowers are somewhat panicled, and the fruit white.
The leaves of the preceding species are all opposite. Those of the ALTERNATE-LEAVED CORNEL (Cornas alternifolia, L.f.) are mostly alternate, and crowded at the ends of the branches, which are also alternate, that is, not opposite each other on the trunk or limbs. This is a shrub or small tree, of a very elegant appearance, growing in all parts of' Hingham. The white flowers are in broad cymes, the fruit deep blue.
The TUPELO (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh.) is very common. It is in every Way beautiful, its brilliant polished foliage, dark-green in summer and of a rich red in autumn, rendering it conspicuous. Either growing singly or in chimps, it is Very noticeable, especially after the fall of the leaves, for its peculiarity in having the numerous branches start from the main trunk or limbs at a right angle, and tend more or less downward.
The TRUMPET HONEYSUCKLE (Lonicera sempervirens, Ait.), so much cultivated for its beauty, grows Wild in tile woods on the easterly slope of Old Colony Hill, and elsewhere, although it has probably been introduced from more southern localities.
COMMON ELDER (Sambucus Canadensis, L.). This plant grows everywhere in low grounds. Its large cymes of white fragrant flowers are conspicuous in curl), summer, and later in the season the blackish- purple fruit is no less showy in its way.
The RED-BERRIED ELDER (Sambucus ravemosa, L.), a beautiful plant, is very rare in Hingham. Tile White flowers, of this species are in panicles, and are replaced by bright red berries.
SWEET VIBURNUM ( Viburnum lentago, L.). This plant has been found everywhere
in damp situations and swampy woodlands. It is, like all the viburnums',
a beautiful shrub, Willi its bright green finely serrate leaves, fragrant
white flowers, and sweet edible fruit. A specimen growing cast of Old Colony
Hill has attained a diameter of trunk of five to six inches.
WITHE-ROD ( Viburnum cassinoides, L.). This shrub grows in
the Woody swamps of the south and west parts of Hingham,
particularly in Lasell and Gardner streets, and is found also more
sparingly in other localities. This species is distinguished from
the other viburnums by having entire leaves, with wavy or revolute
edges, the others all having, sharply serrate leaves.
ARROW-WOOD ( Viburnum dentatum, L.). The Arrow-wood is common in low grounds everywhere. Its very deeply toothed leaves and long straight stalks distinguish it. The Indians were said to use its twigs for arrows ; hence the name.
MAPLE-LEAVED ARROW-WOOD ( Viburnum acerifolium, L.). This pretty little shrub is tile smallest of our viburnums, although it occasionally grows to a height of six feet and upwards. I no white blossom is very delicate. Its leaves, excepting those at the apex of the stalks, are so like those of the red maple that close examination is often necessary to distinguish them no, maple leaves, however, are smooth, while these are somewhat woolly on the under side.
All the viburnums turn in the fall to a very brilliant crimson color.
BUSH-HONEYSUCKLE (Diervilla trifida, Moench). This low
elegant, but rather inconspicuous shrub is very rare in Hingham,
occurring at Hop-Pole Hill, and possibly in the western part of
BUTTON-BUSH (Cephalan thus occidentalis, L.). This shrub grows along water-courses and oil the banks of ponds in all parts of the town. Its peculiar spherical heads of white flowers, very thickly set, render it conspicuous at time of blooming
The little trailing PARTRIDGE BERRY (Mitchella repens, L.), with its fragrant white flowers, single or in pairs, and bright scarlet berries and evergreen leaves, grows in the Rockland Street and Cedar Street woods, as well as in a few other places Although but a little vine, running Upon rocks or the ground, it belongs to the woody plants.
DANGLEBERRY (Gaylussacia frondosa, T. & G.). This shrub is not very common, although observed in several localities, notably in the woods between Old Colony Hill -in(] Weir River. It is two to five feet high with us, having long ON-111 leaves, greenish flowers, and dark-blue sweet berries in loose racemes.
The HUCKLEBERRY (Gaylussacia resinosa, T, & 0.) r(ws everywhere, preferring rough pasture-lands and rocky hillsides. It may be distinguished by the resinous deposit on the under surface of the leaves, which is much greater in this specia than in any other; and by its jet-black, shining fruit Very rarely the fruit is found white. The flower is reddish.
DWARF BLUEBERRY ( Vaccinium Pennsylcanicum, Lamarck). This pretty little
blueberry grows in South Hingham in the woods east of Old Colony Hill,
and doubtless elsewhere. It is a very low shrub, with small, finely serrate
leaves, and furnishes the earliest blueberries found in the city markets.
Low BLUEBERRY ( Vaccinium vacillans, Solander). This little
straggling, low bush is one of our blueberries. It may be distinguished by
the color of the twigs Old branches, which is green,
instead of dark, like that of the other species. It is rather I com
mon, existing at South Hingham, Weir River woods cast of Old
Colony Hill, and elsewhere.
148 History of Hingham
COMMON or SWAMP BLUEBERRY (Vaccinium corymbosum, L.). This, a high-bush whortleberry, has a number of varieties formerly consedered as separate species, it varies greatly- in our woods and swamps, where it grows freely. Its bell-like white blossom is, in some varieties and in certain favorable locations, quite large, mid in other cases very small. The foliage also differs according to locality.
LARGE or AMERICAN CRANBERRY ( Vaccinium macrocarpon, Aifor)). The Cranberry grows quite commonly in our swamps and bogs, its delicate sprays being quite easily found when loaded with its white flowers or crimson fruit.
MOUNTAIN PARTRIDGE BERRY ( Chiogenes serpyllifolia, Salis.). A pretty, evergreen, creeping plant, very rare, but existing in swamps in the extreme southerly- part of the town. The bellshaped white flowers are like those of the checkerberry, and a resemblance to this shrub is also found in the flavor of its white berries.
BEARBERRY (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Sprengel). This pretty and rare little shrub which grows ill beds in the woods, has been found by file writer between Old Colony Hill and Weir River, at Alai-tin's Lane, and at Liberty Plain. its stern trails under the dead leaves and leaf mould, sending up shoots some six inches high, clothed with bright, polished, thick evergreen leaves. The flowers are white, at the ends of the branches. The fruit is a red berry.
TRAILING ARBUTUS, MAYFLOWER (Epigaea repens, L.). The wellknown Mayflower grows in the woods near the Weymouth line and in the extreme south part of the town. Efforts made to domesticate it Dearer the seashore have been unsuccessful, as it is a very wild plant and does not take well to cultivation.
CREEPING WINTERGREEN, CHECKERBERRY (Gaultheria procumbees, L.). The Checkerberry is very common in our woods. Its bright evergreen leaves, sweet white flowers, and scarlet aromatic berries are well known to all.
ANDROMEDA (Apdromeda ligustrina, Muhl.). This shrub is common everywhere in low grounds. Its very full panicles of small, globular, white flowers In July are replaced later by corresponding clusters of the seed-vessels, Which hang on for a year or more,. This plant call be distinguished at all seasons by its thin outer layer of light, cinnamon -colored bark, which seems always list ready to peel off.
LEUCOTHOE (Leucothoe racemosa, Gray). This beautiful shrub is rare in Hingham and but little known. It is found in the woods east of Old Colony Hill, in Cushing Street, in Leavitt Street woods, and probably grows elsewhere in the south part of the town. It is from six to ton feet in height, has rather straggling branches, and elliptical leaves, and long one-sided racemes of white, bell-like flowers, exquisite in beauty and fragrance. This raceme is generally branched once, and the flowers all hang
downward in a regular row. Their peculiar honey-like sweetness
is unequalled byLEATHER-LEAF, the perfume of any other of our
LEATHER-LEAF (Cassandra calyciulata, Don). The Cassandra or Leather-leaf grows in the swamps near Weir River west of Union Street and at South Hingham. It is a bright, pretty shrub, two to five feet high, and has racemes of white sweet flowers much like those of the Leucothoe, but smaller. The fruit, as in many plants of the Health family, is very persistent.
MOUNTAIN LAUREL (Kalmia latifolia, L,). The Mountain Laurel, exquisite in its beauty, is found in great quantities just over the borders of Hingham but, within the limits of the township it is rare. It grows in one locality at least in the woods near Gardner Street, in Cushing Street woods, and perhaps may be found elsewhere
SHEEP LAUREL (Kabmia augustifolia, L.). This plant, the blossom of which is not less beautiful, if less conspicuous, than the preceding species, is common all through Hingham
The CLAMMY AZALEA or WHITE SWAMP HONEYSUCKLE (Rhododendron viscosum, Torr.) grows in the wet woods of Summer Street, Martin's Lane, Lasell Street, and Turkey Hill, and is found also in other localities. Its pretty, white, very fragrant, and somewhat stick), flowers appear in conspicuous chusters and are of that trumpet-like shape common to the azalea tribe.
RHODORA Rhododendron Rhodora, Dow). This beautiful plant is very care in this region, being found only in a peaty lag at the west end, and possibly occurring in the swamps of the south part of Hingham. Its delicate, rose-colored blossoms, appearing very early, are among the most exquisite of our wild flowers.
WHITE ALDER ( Clethra alnifolia, L.). The Clethra inhabits all our swampy Woods, and is well known from its upright racemes of White fragrant flowers, which are conspicuous from the latter part of July even into October.
PRIVET or PRIM (Ligustrum vulgare, L.). This shrub, much used for hedges, grows wild at Martin;s Lane, Lincoln Street woods, Huit's Cove Turkey Hill, and Stoddard's Neck. Its fine, fresh-looking foliage. white flowers, and black berries are familiar to -ill observers.
WHITE Asti (Fraxinus Americana, L.). This Roble tree is common in the swampy woods, and as all ornamental tree all over town. One of the noblest specimens in this State was standing until 1869 in the field on the corner of Summer and East streets ' opposite the residence of the late Deacon Gorham Lincoln. This tree Was mentioned by Emerson in the " Report on the Trees and Shrubs of Massachusetts." It measured when lie described it, in 1839, four feet two inches in diameter at four and a half feet from the ground. A tornado, in September, 1869, destroyed it.
RED Ash (Fraxinus pubescens, Lam.). The Red Ash, more
rare than the white, is found in swamps on Rockland Street and
probably grows elsewhere hi town. It may be distinguished from
the other species by its pubescence and its narrower leaves and
sharper keys or seed-vessels.
BLACK ASH (Fraxinus sambucifolia, Lain.). This tree, rare in Hingham occurs in swamps in Cushing Street and south of the Old Colony Hill. It grows very tall and slender, and the buds are conspicuously black,
SPICE-BUSH (Lindera benzoin, Meisner). This plant grows near watercourses and in low lands in various parts of the town. It is a beautiful shrub, with a handsome bark, and brilliant shining leaves which exhale a pungent, spicy odor on being crushed. The small yellow blossom is followed by the bright scarlet fruit, something like a small cranberry in shape
I The NETTLE TREE (Celtis occidentalis, L.) grows on the turnpike on the westerly slope of Baker's Hill and at Stoddard's Neck; also near New Bridge and Cross streets. It is rare. The very singular twisted and gnarled habit of growth which some specimens exhibit is peculiar to the species. Its flower is very inconspicuous; the fruit a small olive-green berry on a long stein.
BUTTONWOOD or SYCAMORE (Platanus accidentalis, L.). This tree grows sparingly in all parts of the town. Its ragged, flaky bark, its large leaves, and the rigid character of its growth strongly mark it. Some very imposing specimens of this species stand in various localities, although the injury sustained by the Buttonwoods some forty years ago, generally ascribed to the severity of a winter- has caused an apparent feebleness in these, trees. For many years they bore no fruit, but of late they have matured the curious spherical balls of seed vessels, which, some inch and a half in diameter, hang from the twigs on Bleats three to six inches long. One of the finest trees in town stands at the junction of Main and Leavitt streets oil the Lower Plain.
The SHAGBARK (Carya alba, Nutt.) is quite common, being met with in nearly all our woods. Its ragged, shaggy bark gives the species its name, while its rich, meaty tints have been sought by the schoolboy from time immemorial. The MOCKERNUT (Carya tomentosa, Nutt.) is a line tree, found everywhere in the woods, as is also the PIGNUT (Carya porcina, Nutt.), the outline of the husk of the nut of which has a not inapt resemblance to a pig's head. The BITTrRNUT (Carya amara, Nutt) is more rare. It grows at Crow Point, Planter's Hill, and Union Street, possibly elsewhere. Its yellow buds and finer foliage, as well as the thinness of the husk of the nut, distinguish it from the other hickories.
SWEET FERN (Myrica asplenifolia, End].). This pretty, low shrub is very common on dry hillsides and in oak woods. It has long, narrow, regularly and deeply out leaves, resembling the fronds of a fern. These are very aromatic when crushed.
The YELLOW BIRCH (Betula lutea, Michx. f.) is rare in Hingham. It grows oil the border near Cohasset and in Third Division woods. Its leaves are hardly to be distinguished from those of the black birch. The bark of the young shoots is slightly aromatic. The outer bark of the trunk is greenish-yellow, shining, and always peeling off in thin lavers. The catkins, or male blossoms of all the bitches are extremely showy and graceful, loaded a-, they are when ripe with golden pollen. Those of this species are especially conspicuous.
-A AMERICAN WHITE BIRCH (Betula populifolia, Ait.). This, the coalition White or Little Gray bit-ell of our woods and fields, is a slender, sometimes rather tall tree, with thin, white, peeling, outer bark and very small branches, merely twigs Ili fact, covering the tree, with their growth. It, generally grows Ili clumps from old roots, and the trunk is short lived for this reason ; but upon its being cut or blown down new shoots at once succeed it. The leaves are small, shilling, and triangular.
CANOE BIRCH (Betula papyrifera Marsh.). This tree is rare now, growing only along the shores of the bay near Crow Point, at Huit's Cove, and at Broad Cove Its leaves are thicker and coarser than those of the other species. The outer bark peels off in large sheets Is chalky white oil the outside layers, the inner ones pinkish. It, was used by the Indians for their canoes This is a large out] strongly branched tree.
The SPECKLED ALDER (Alnus incana Willd.) grows in clumps
along Weir River near Turkey Bill, at South llingluini, and else
where Ili wet places. It is a tall shrub with speckled bark, and
serrate all([ deeply cut dark-green leaves.
The COMMON ALDER (Alnus serrulata, Ait.) is present everywhere onwetlands. It is a high shrub, growing in clumps. The leaves are shing roundish, and finely serrate. The male flowers of the Alders ate graceful catkins, generally several together, and appear very early in spring. The settles open and show at maturity beautiful golden flowers.
AMERICAN HORNBEAM (Carpinus Caroliniana, Walt.) This tree, the leaves of which are almost exactly like those of the pre. ceding species, is coalition Ili town ' preferring, low wet ground,-,. It is found at Rocky Nook, Turkey Bill, Lasell Street, and elsewhere.
The HOP HORMBEAM (Ostrya Virginica, Willd.) grows at Old Colony Hill, Cushing Street, Huit's Cove, and at many other points. Its fruit resembles that of the flop Vine. The wood is very hard and the frank Often twisted Ili appearance.
COMMON HAZEL ( Corylus Americana, Wait.). This plant, generally growing in shrubby bunches is found evervywhere. It is one Of the, first or our shrubs to blossom, putting forth its delicate catkins Ili earlv spring, together with Ili(! very small and beautiful female flowers, scattered along the twigs like scarlet stars. Its nuts are much like those of the Filbert imported for the market.
The BEAKED HAZEL (Corylus rostrata, Ait.) is occasionally met with ill Hingham, growing in Third Division woods, on Kilby Street, and elsewhere. The leaves and manner Of growth are hardly distinguishable from those of the Common Hazel. It derives its name from the curved beak or long point which projects front the husk which encloses the nut.
The OAK tribe is very fully represented in all the woods and fields of the township.
The WRITE OAK (Quercus alba, L.) is it noble tree, very com M(li, some Of the finest specimens being, found oil the easterly slopes of Old Colony Hill and thereabouts. Its light bark, tile bluish-green of its round- lobed leaves, and the purplish Crimson of their fall colors easily distinguish it,
The SWAMP WHITS OAK (Quercus bicolor-, Willd.), scraggy branched, and with it deep rich green leaf with rounded lobes, grows everywhere in swamps and low lands.
The CHESTNUT OAK (Quercus prinus, L.). This tree, with its variety the Rock Chestnut Oak (,it separate, species with some botanists), is very rare, growing only in Third Division woods. It is -it fine tree, although not so large (11 imposing ill apearance as others of the family, Its leaves resemble those of the Chestnut, hence its name.
CHINQUAPIN OAK (QuerCiat prinoides,Willd.). This little shrub, the smallest of the family, rarely reaches live feet in height. It grows oil the bank at Broad Cove, and oil the border of the salt meadow oil Otis Street south of Broad Cove, and is also found oil the sandy bank on the northerly border of that portion of the inillpond which lies Cast Of Witter Street. Its leaves are round-lobed, very irregular, and its small acorns are beautifully striped with black.
The BEAR OAK (Quercus illicifolia, Wang.), a shrub usually five to tell feet high, rarely becomes a small tree of fifteen feet Ili height. It grows cast of the Old Colony [fill, oil Lasell Street in the woods near Weymouth in tile south part of Hingham and in some other localities. It has leaves with not very prominent sharply pointed lobes terminated with bristles. The acorns are quite small and symmetrical.
The SCARLET OAK ( Quercus coccinea, Wang.) grows in all parts of the town. This species probably crosses with tile Black Oak, in many cases, the typical Black Oak leaf being often found upon the Scarlet, and that, of the Scarlet (which is much more deeply cut and more highly polished) very often appears upon Black Oak trees. The only Certain way of determining file species in many cases is to cat into the bark. The inner bark of the Scarlet Oak is pinkish. That of the Black is bright orange yellow. The ls pin is not one of our largest oaks, but is all elegant tree Its delicate, shining, sharply lobed leaves, often cutt almost down to the midrib, turning brilliant red or scarlet Ili autumn.
The BLACK Or YELLOW-BARKED OAK (Quereus tinctoria, Bartram) is a noble, sturdy tree, growing everywhere Ili Hingham The Crevices in its bill-]< are black, which gives it the names The leaves, sharp-lobed and more or less deeply cut, turn red ill crimson in the fall.
The RED OAK (Quercus rubra, L.) is quit(! common with its. Some of the noblest trees of this species growing in New England stand on East Street opposite Kilby Street, They are monuments to the owners of the estate upon which they stand, who have shown themselves capable of appreciating the magnificence Of these superb monarchs of the forest. It is to be devoutly hoped that the vandalism which has destroyed so many line trees in Hingham may never appear near tire locality where these trees stand in their sturdy grandeur.
The Red Oak leaves are more regular and less deeply cut than those of the black or Seat-let. They are sharp-lobed and turn dullred in autimin. The acorn is very large. The inner bark is reddish.
CHESTNUT (Castanea sativa, Mill. var. Americana). This beautitiful tree is rare in Hingham growing in but two or three localities, at Beechwoods and elsewhere. A noble specimen formerly standing oil Hersey Street was ruthlessly destroyed a few years since.
AMERICAN BEECH (Fagus ferruginea, Ait.). This fine tree grows in many
localities in Hingham Its light-colored bark, sharp-pointed, rigid leaves,
dense habit of growth, and delicately beautiful pendulous blossoms easily
The DWARF CRAY WILLOW (Salix tristis, Ail.) may be found in Third Division woods, on the roadside. It is a small shrub, hardly two feet in height.
The PRAIRIE WILLOW (Salix humilis, Marsh.) is a shrub about ten feet high, often much less. It grows in Hingham on Derby Street and Cushing Street, very likely elsewhere.
GLAUCOUS WILLOW (Salix discolor, Muld.). This shrub or small tree grows everywhere in low grounds. It is our most common willow. Its blossoms expand from the bud in early spring, first into what the children call 11 pussy willows," little gray furry bunches; then as the season advances, they become long, graceful catkins, covered with fragrant flowers golden with pollen. There often are cones at tire end of the twigs, composed of leaves abortively developed, and crowded closely one upon -,mother.
SILKY WILLOW (Salix, sericea, Marsh.). This is a beautiful shrub, growing on Lincoln Street and at many other localities. The leaves Old young branches are covered with a silky down, which gives this species its distinctive name.
PETIOLED WILLOW (Salix petiolaris, Smith). This shrub, strongly resembling the previous species, grows oil Lincoln Street, and has been found elsewhere. It is somewhat silky but its specific name is derived front its long petioles, or leaf-stalks.
LIVID WILLOW (Salix rostrata, Richardson). A shrub or small tree growing on Old Colony Hill, Lincoln Street, on the bank of the pond" at West Hingham, Lasell Street, and perhaps elsewhere. It has a rough, dark, thick leaf, whitish underneath.
SHINING WILLOW (Salix lucida, Muhl.). The beautiful shrub grows oil Lincoln Street and elsewhere ill town. The leaf is large, pointed, bright. and shining
BLACK WILLOW (Salix Marsh.) This graceful tree , with its very narrow ;Old delicate, leaves, grows oil Gardner Street. it is very rare it) Hingham.
The MYRTLE WILLOW (Salix myrtilloides, L.) grows in Hingham although very rare. It Is a shrub from 0110 to three feet in height.
The AMERICAN ASPEN (Populus trmuloides, Michx.) grows in all the woods of Hingham. It is not a large tree. The small , bright-green leaves, light underneath, keep up a continual tremulous motion in the wind . Tito trunk is light-ash colored, and smooth in young trees.
The LARGE POPLAR (Populus grandidentata, Michx.) is found in low lands in all parts of the town. Its leaves are deeply toothed, and the catkin% ate very largo and coarse
BALM-OF-GILEAD (Populus balsamifera, L. var. candicans, Gray). This tree is quite common !it Hingham. Its large very rigid and sharp buds are covered with a sticky, highly aromatic balsam, which has been used in medicine.
growing in a dense mass, with foliage very similar to that of the Savin. It is found it West Hingham, Huit's Cove, and sparingly in a few other localities.
The RED CEDAR or SAVIN (Juniperus Virginiana, L.) occurs everywhere, by roadsides and in hilly pastures. When growing alone, and left to itself, its perfect conical form makes it 'I very beautiful tree, either in its dark-green foliage, or in the fruiting season, having the green intermingled with heavy masses of blue, from the great quantities of berries which it matures.
The PITCH PINE (Pinus rigida, Miller). This rather stiff and ungraceful tree is quite comman growing at Hockley, South Hingham, and in many other places. It is a small species here specimens not averaging thirty feet in height. Its leaves -.ire in threes.
The WHITE PINE (Pinus strobus, L.) is very common, forming heavy forests
in localities in Hingham. It is one of our noblest trees, - a specimen
on Lasell Street, although now shattered by the storms of perhaps hundreds
of winters, showing a majesty even in
156 History of Hingham.
its decay which well befits a. tree which unquestionably was mature in aboriginal days. Would that the axe had spared more such ! The White Pine has its leaves in fives.
Tile BLACK SPRUCE (Picea nigra, Link.) This tree grows in a swamp cast of High Street, and probably nowhere else wild in Hingbain, although cultivated here as an ornamental free.
The HEMLOCK SPRUCE (Tsuga Canadensis, Carriare) grows in the woods in
neary every part of the town. It is a, large, hand
Bottle species, with feather - v, delicate foliage, and is much culti
vated for ornamental purposes.
The GREENBRIER, HORSEBRIER (Smilax rotundefolia, L.). This vine is Act-)common. There is considerable beauty to it, the bright-green leaves always fresh and shining, and the clusters of small ,rcenish flowers ,Old blue-black berries in autumn quite interesting. The limit is however a disagreeable one to meet with in summer rumbles, the thick sharp thorns making it a harrier almost impassable.
The CARRION FLOWER (Smilax herbacca, L.). ']'his is a handsome plant and although a vine, it often stands alone in a leaninbg position without support. The leaves are rounded-oblong,thinner than those of the Greenbrier, and the fruit is a very compact bunch of block berries. The greenish masses of flowers are carrion-scented.
The SMILAX GLAUCA (Walt.) strongly resembles the rotundifolia but is much more rare, being found only lately, and in the South Hingbain woods.
The GAY ELM Oil South Street, opposite the depot it the westend,measured in 1859 18 feet 6 inches, sun passing in circumference of trunk all other trees in town. Torn asunder some years since by it gale, the portion of the trunk remaining uninjured measured it) 1889 a little over 20 feet.
'['he beautiful ROCKY NOOK ELM oil East Street measured in 1887 15 feet 4 1/2 inches, with a spread of foliage of .90 feet. The CUSHING ELM corner of Main and South streets, measured in 1889 15 feet. The SEYMOUR Elm, oil Main Street had a girth, in 1889, of 16 feet 3 inches, The EML on Prospect Street, in front of Mr. Bernard Cooney'.% house, measured in 1889 14 feet 6 inches
Of the noble RED OAKS on East, opposite Kilby, Street, one, measured in 1887 13 feet 10 inches, and another 13 feet 9 1/2 inches. That 13UTTONWOOII oil the cot nor of Main and Leavitt streets had a girth, in 1889, of 13 feet 4 1/2 inches, with a spread of 100 feet.
A large SAVIN on land of Mr. Samuel Barr, at Martin's Lane, vacationed
in 1890 9 feet 8 inches.
The great WHITE PINE on Lazell Street measured 14 feet in 1887.
All the above measurements of circumference of trunk were taken at 4 1/2 feet from the ground.