History of Marshfield. 11

[Thanks to Linda Smith for transcribing this chapter]

laurel, the azalia, the rhododendron, the gentian, the asters, and the water lily.   Our North River to the sea furnished abundant cod, shad, halibut, trout, herring, smelt, haddock, and pickerel.   Again, they were blessed with a large supply of pigeons, geese, ducks, quail, partridge, woodcock, and wild turkey.   Bears, wolves, and wildcats chiefly constituted the dangerous animals, but they could hunt the moose, the deer, and the raccoon for meat, and for fur, the beaver, the otter, the skunk, the sable, and the fox, and Marshfield at the beginning of the 20th century is yet troubled by foxes and racoons, who make their meals of chickens, ducks and geese in the farmer's poultry yard.
   Our Pilgrim fathers were not the first visitors to our shores; the Norsemen Lief and Eric explored the coast of New England as early as the year 1000, and called it Vineland on account of the abundance of grape vines growing everywhere.   Two or three years later Thorwald, a brother of Lief, visited these shores, and sailing along Cape Cod Bay, discovered [in the words of Goodwin] "a fine headland, which drew from Thorwald the exclamation, 'This is a beautiful spot and here I should like to fix my dwelling.'   Shortly after, being mortally wounded by natives, he gave the following directions: 'Let me be buried on the beautiful headland where I wished to fix my dwelling, put a cross at my head and one at my feet, and let the place be hereafter called "Krossaness." ' "   "The Gurnet head, crested and crowned with two lighthouses, standing on the north side of the entrance to Plymouth Harbor, a narrow strip of land running from the mainland at Marshfield, answers well to the description of Thorwald's burial place, and here it is believed was the spot where the brave Captain was laid to rest with Christian rites," three or four centuries before the discovery of America by Columbus, "and the grave was marked with the symbol of his faith.   In 1007 Thorfin Karlsefne, with his wife, Gudrig, and one hundred and sixty


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