History of Marshfield. 45

[Thanks to Linda Smith for transcribing this chapter]

improvement of every man, woman and child on our shores, and that was the key that gave the impetus to that steady and marvelous growth to our Colony, and the sending forth in the course of years throughout the length and breadth of our land, pioneers full of the strenuous life and New England thrift, who constituted the full-fledged Yankee, known far and wide over this hemisphere and the old, as the embodiment of that enterprise and progress developed in the Nineteenth Century in the United States of America.
   In 1636 or 1637 Edward Winslow moved to Marshfield and settled in that portion of the town distant about a third of a mile east of the present Winslow House and called by Gov. Winslow the "Carewsell Estate," after some place in England with which he was familiar.   His brother, Kenelm, the record says, "lived on a neck of land lying between Green's Harbor River and South River."   Five years afterwards an assistant to Gov. Winslow, named Wm. Thomas, bought a piece of land adjoining his, built his habitation, and settled there.   This estate, a couple of centuries later, Daniel Webster purchased, and not only this estate, but the Winslow estate, and thus the illustrious statesman became the possessor and occupant of both these historic estates.   The "Careswell Estate" of Winslow extended to the southerly side of Green's Harbor River.   He built, it is claimed, the finest house in the Colony on the estate, but it is not in existence to-day.   The house on the estate at present, know as the Winslow House, built several generations later by Dr. Isaac Winslow, is very ancient, being one of the oldest in town.   It is a large, square, Colonial house, and has the appearance of having been a century ago one of the finest mansions on the South Shore.   This house, like other large mansions of its time, has a secret chamber, the entrance to which is by a sliding panel over one of the wide fireplaces.   It is related that one of the Winslows took refuge in this hiding place after the house had been surrounded by a body


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